Breaking Down the Differences Between Commercial Leases

Breaking Down the Differences Between Commercial Leases


By Rob Blundred – Commercial Broker, Henkle Schueler and Associates

We’ve all rented an apartment or a home and felt kind of suspicious about all the very stern wording in a 35-page document that seems like it really should have only been 3 pages. But leases have to be detailed; it protects both the landlord as well as the tenant. Still, navigating the leasing process can be difficult – and that’s just for a private living space!

Leases in commercial and industrial real estate are a whole different beast. For instance, a clothing franchise may lease a retail space for a term of 20 years. Or a business expanding to a new facility might lease office space on 4-year terms that they renew endlessly. And what’s included in these leases for commercial properties? A lot. The business sector has infinitely more variables to deal with in commercial property leases than a family leasing a house does.

Leasing land to develop or leasing an existing commercial property can have a lot of benefits, including less capital down than an outright purchase. It can also give you the space and the options to opt out if your business moves, changes or outgrows the leased space. But it’s an intricate process, so you’d do well to seek help from an experienced commercial real estate firm who has an extensive portfolio of various types of commercial properties for lease.

Below is an article written by our very own Rob Blundred, an expert commercial real estate broker who works at our in-house commercial brokerage firm, Henkle Schueler & Associates. This article was originally featured on the Cincinnati Business Courier’s website. In it, he breaks down the most common types of commercial property leases and touches on the pros and cons of each:

“Locating the perfect commercial space to house your business can be exciting. You begin envisioning the business living and growing in your new space. But before you can start moving in, you need to agree and sign a commercial lease.

Leases can be tricky, confusing and overwhelming. With help from research tools from 42 Floors, we’ve outlined several different types of commercial leases. The three most common are net lease, absolute triple net lease, and modified gross lease. Each comes with challenges and benefits.

Net lease

The benefit of a net lease is that the landlord can charge a lower base rent price. However, along with the base rent the tenant is responsible for an “additional rent fee” which covers the operations and maintenance of the property. These costs can cover real estate taxes, property insurance and common area maintenance (CAM) items. The CAM fees cover the landlord costs for janitorial services, property management fees, sewer, water, trash, landscaping, parking lot, fire sprinklers, and any shared area or service.

There are several types of net leases:

  • Single net lease (N lease). In this lease, the tenant pays base rent plus their pro rata share of the building’s property tax (meaning a portion of the total bill based on the proportion of total building space leased by the tenant). The landlord covers all other building expenses. The tenant also pays utilities and janitorial services.
  • Double net lease (NN lease). The tenant is responsible for base rent plus their pro-rata share of property taxes and property insurance. The landlord covers expenses for structural repairs and common area maintenance. The tenant once again is responsible for their own janitorial and utility expenses.
  • Triple net lease (NNN lease). This is the most popular type of net lease for commercial freestanding buildings and retail space. The tenant pays all or part of the three “nets” – property taxes, insurance, and CAMS – on top of a base monthly rent.

Absolute triple net lease

The absolute triple net lease is an extreme form of an NNN lease where the tenant absorbs all of the real estate risk and responsibility. The tenant is ultimately responsible for all building-related expenses and repairs, including roof and structure.

Modified gross lease

The appeal of a modified gross lease is the tenant has one set amount to pay each month. In a modified gross lease the base rent and “nets” (property taxes, insurance and CAMS) are all included in one lump sum payment; excluding utilities and janitorial services, which are typically covered by the tenant.

The benefit of a modified gross lease is their flexibility. They are generally an easier agreement to make between the landlord and tenant. The risk is if insurance, taxes or CAM increase or decrease the cost or savings is passed on to the landlord.

Net leases will always have a lower base rent rate. When comparing a net lease space to a modified gross lease space be certain you are calculating all your additional rent expenses so you can make an accurate comparison between the lease spaces.

Whether finding your first commercial space or moving a growing business into a new home, negotiating a lease can be challenging. The most important advice is to make sure to read through the commercial lease diligently and carefully. Include all your costs for a space (rent, additional rent, utilities, and trash). Market and area trends tend to keep similar spaces at comparable lease rates regardless of the lease type. With proper lease understanding you can move confidently into your new business home.”

This article was featured on the Cincinnati Business Courier’s website.

Business photo created by tirachardz –


Advice for Small Businesses Expanding Through Property Leasing

Small businesses looking to lease a new property for expansion should start by doing some research to identify potential properties and assess the financial and legal implications of leasing a new property. Exploring the local real estate market, understanding local zoning laws and regulations, researching neighborhood demographics, and considering potential competition in the area are all important steps in the process. It’s important to have a clear understanding of what kind of space is needed and the potential future needs of the business. A property management company can provide invaluable guidance and help businesses make the best decision for their needs.

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